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Wednesday, 18-Oct-2017 20:18:28 GMT
Native plants of the Marshalls

Contents:
  bulletSubdivision Psilopsida
  bulletSubdivision Pteropsida (ferns and seed plants)
    bulletClass Pteridophyta (ferns)
    bulletClass Angiospermae (true flowering plants)
      bulletSubclass Monocotyledonae (monocots)
      bulletSubclass Dicotyledonae (dicots)
  bulletREFERENCES


Subdivision Psilopsida

Scientific name: Psilotum nudum
English name: whisk fern
Marshallese name: martok

Subdivision Pteropsida (ferns and seed plants)

Class Pteridophyta (ferns)

Scientific name: Ophioglossum nudicaule
English name: adder's tongue fern
Marshallese name: ?

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Scientific name: Ophioglossum pendulum
English name: strap fern
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Asplenium nidus
English name: bird's nest fern
Marshallese name: kartop

Scientific name: Nephrolepis acutifolia
English name: sword fern
Marshallese name: anmokadede

Scientific name: Nephrolepis hirsutula
English name: sword fern
Marshallese name: anmokadede

Scientific name: Polypodium scolopendria
English name: polypodia fern
Marshallese name: kino

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Scientific name: Pteris tripartita
English name: ?
Marshallese name: iri pairik

Scientific name: Thelypteris interrupta
English name: shoestring fern
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Vittaria incurvata
English name: shoestring fern
Marshallese name: ?

Class Angiospermae (true flowering plants)

Subclass Monocotyledonae (monocots)

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Scientific name: Pandanus tectorius (some atolls possibly native, then introduced to others)
English name: pandanus, screw pine
Marshallese name: bob (general)

Scientific name: Cymodocea rotandata
English name: rounded seagrass
Marshallese name: ujoij in lojet

Scientific name: Halophila minor
English name: ovate seagrass
Marshallese name: ujoij in lojel

Scientific name: Thalassia hemprichii
English name: common seagrass
Marshallese name: ujoij in lojet

Scientific name: Centosteca lappacea
English name: ?
Marshallese name: ?

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Scientific name: Digitaria ciliaris
English name: Henry's crabgrass
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Digitaria gaudichaudii
English name: "crabgrass"
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Digitaria radicosa
English name: itchy crahgrass
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Digitaria setigera
English name: "crabgrass"
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Lepturopetium marshallense
English name: "Micronesian endemic grass" (Enewetak. Kwajelein, Rota only)
Marshallese name: ?

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Scientific name: Lepturus gasparricensis
English name: "Marshalls endemic bunchgrass" (Bokak and Wake only)
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Lepturus repens (several varieties and hybrids)
English name: wiry bunchgrass
Marshallese name: ujoij aitok

Scientific name: Paspalum cartilgineum
English name: ?
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Stenotaphrum micranthum
English name: ?
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Thuarea involuta
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kak-kumkum, ujoij maroro, ujoij in kammwalmwal

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Scientific name: Cyperus javanicus
English name: "sedge"
Marshallese name: ujoij in bat, ujoij in eoon bol

Scientific name: Cyperus odorutus (varieties)
English name: "sedge"
Marshallese name: bukor

Scientific name: Fimbristylis cymosa
English name: St.John's sedge
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Fimbristylis dichotoma
English name: "sedge"
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Pycreus polystachyos
English name: "sedge"
Marshallese name: derijman, padalijmaan

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Subclass Dicotyledonae (dicots)

Scientific name: Peperomia ponapensis
English name: ?
Marshallese name: rabikiaja

Scientific name: Laportea ruderalis
English name: "nettle"
Marshallese name: neen kotkot

Scientific name: Pipturus argentus
English name: ?
Marshallese name: armwe

Scientific name: Procris pedunculata
English name: ?
Marshallese name: ?

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Scientific name: Ximenia americana
English name: sourplum
Marshallese name: kaloklok

Scientific name: Achyranthes aspera
English name: chatff flower
Marshallese name: kaloklok

Scientific name: Achyranthes canescens
English name: ?
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Boerhavia albiflora
English name: ?
Marshallese name: drepijdreka

Scientific name: Boerhavia repens
English name: tarweed
Marshallese name: ?

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Scientific name: Boerhavia tetrandra
English name: ?
Marshallese name: natto, perial, matok aitok

Scientific name: Pisonia grandis
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kanal

Scientific name: Sesuvium portulacastrum
English name: sea purslane
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Portulaca lutea
English name: ?
Marshallese name: purya

Scientific name: Portulaca samoenis
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kuran

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Scientific name: Cassytha filiformis
English name: laurel dodder
Marshallese name: kaonon

Scientific name: Hernandia sonora
English name: Chinese lantern tree
Marshallese name: pinpin

Scientific name: Lepidium bidentatum
English name: peppergrass
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Rorippa sarmentosa
English name: ?
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Capparis cordifolia
English name: ?
Marshallese name: ?

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Scientific name: Caesalpinia bonduc
English name: gray nickers, wait-a-bit
Marshallese name: jeimota

Scientific name: Caesalpinia major
English name: yellow nickers
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Canavalia catharica
English name: beach pea
Marshallese name: marlap

Scientific name: Canavalia microcarpa
English name: ?
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Canavalia rosea
English name: sea bean
Marshallese name: marlap

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Scientific name: Canavalia sericea
English name: silky jackbean
Marshallese name: marlap

Scientific name: Entata phaseoloides
English name: sea bean
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Intsia bijuga
English name: ifil tree
Marshallese name: kubok,kukuk

Scientific name: Sophora tomentosa
English name: silverbush
Marshallese name: kille

Scientific name: Vigna marina
English name: ?
Marshallese name: markinenjojo

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Scientific name: Tribulus cistoides
English name: puncture vine
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Soulamea amara
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kabwijion, keinwa

Scientific name: Suriana maritima
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kalane, nene, kekun

Scientific name: Euphorbia chamissonis
English name: ?
Marshallese name: pedol, maldok

Scientific name: Allophylus timoriensis
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kfltaak

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Scientific name: Dodonaea viscosa
English name: sticky hopbush
Marshallese name: kamen

Scientific name: Triumfetta procumbens
English name: prostate burr bush
Marshallese name: atat

Scientific name: Abutilon asiatica
English name: ?
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Gossypium hiras variety (Wake only)
English name: Polynesian cotton
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Sida fallax
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kio

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Scientific name: Pemphis acidula
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kone

Scientific name: Lumnitzera littorea
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kimeme

Scientific name: Terminalia samoensis
English name: Samoan almond
Marshallese name: ekkon, kukon

Scientific name: Barringtonia asiatica
English name: fish-poison tree
Marshallese name: wop

Scientific name: Neisosperma oppositifolia
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kojbar

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Scientific name: Ipomoea littoralis
English name: beach morning glory
Marshallese name: ?

Scientific name: Ipomoea macrantha
English name: white morning glory
Marshallese name: marpele

Scientific name: Ipomoea pes-capra
English name: goat's foot morning glory
Marshallese name: topo, marlap

Scientific name: Cordia subcordata
English name: sea trumpet
Marshallese name: kono

Scientific name: Heliotrope anomalum
English name: scrub heliotrope
Marshallese name: ?

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Scientific name: Tournefortia argentea
English name: heliotrope iree
Marshallese name: kiden

Scientific name: Clerodendrum inerme
English name: butterfly pea
Marshallese name: wulej

Scientific name: Premna obtusifolia
English name: false elderberry
Marshallese name: kaar

Scientific name: Aidia conchinchinesis
English name: ?
Marshallese name: kielomar

Scientific name: Guettarda speciosa
English name: ?
Marshallese name: utilomar

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Scientific name: Scaevola taccada
English name: half-flower
Marshallese name: konnat

Scientific name: Wollastonia biflora
English name: beach daisy
Marshallese name: markubwebwe, marjaj


REFERENCES

Abo, Takaji, Byron W. Bender, Alfred Capelle, and Tony DeBrum 1985. Marshallese-English Dictionary, third edition. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii

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Anderson, Donald 1950. The Plants of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 7, pp. 1-4

Blumenstock, David I. et al. 1961. A report of the typhoon effects upon Jaluit Atoll. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 75, pp. 1-105

Falanruw, Marjorie C., Jean E. Maka, Thomas G. Cole, and Craig D. Whitesell 1990. Common and Scientific Names of Trees and Shrubs of Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall Islands. Pacific Southwest Research Station, Berkeley, California

Fosberg, F. R. 1959b. Vegetation and Flora of Wake Island. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 67, pp. 1-21

Fosberg, F. R. and Marie-Helene Sachet 1962. Vascular plants recorded from Jaluit Atoll. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 92, pp. 1-39

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___________ 1969. Wake Island Vegetation and Flora, 1961-1963. Atoll Research Bulletin, No 123, pp. 1-15

___________ 1982. Micronesian Poaceae: Critical and Distributional Notes. Micronesica, Vol. 18 (2), pp. 45-102

Fosberg, F. R., Marie-Helene Sachet and Royce Oliver 1979. A Geographical Checklist of Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Micronesica, Vol. 15 (1-2), pp. 41-295

___________ 1982. Geographical Checklist of Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnosperma. Micronesica, Vol. 18(1), pp. 23-62

___________ 1987. A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae. Micronesica, Vol. 20 (1 - 2), pp.19-129

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Fuller, Harry J. and Donald D. Ritchie, 1967. General Botany, fifth edition. Harper & Row Publishers, New York, New York

Glassman. Sidney F. 1952. The Flora of Ponape. Bishop Museum Bulletin, No. 209

Goo, Fannie S. S. and Albert H. Banner 1963. A Preliminary Compilation of Marshallese Animal and Plant Names. Hawaii Marine Laboratory, University of Hawaii. Honolulu, Hawaii

Hatheway, William H. 1953. The Land Vegetation of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 16, pp. 1-67

Lamberson, Janet 0. 1982. A Guide to Terrestrial Plants of Enewetak Atoll. Bishop P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii 1987a. Natural History of Terrestrial Vascular Plants of Enewetak Atoll, pp. 17 - 35 in Devaney, Dennis A., Ernst

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S. Reese, Beatrice L. Burch, and Philip Helfrich (eds.). The Natural History of Enewetak Atoli, Vol. II, Biogeography and Systematics. United States Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.

Merlin, Mark, Alfred Capelle, Thomas Keene, James Juvik and James Maragos 1994. Keinekkan Im Meian Aelon Kein; Plants and Environments of the Marshall Islands. East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii

Merril, Elmer D. 1945 (reprinted 1981). Plant Life of the Pacific World. Charles E.Tuttle Co., Publishers, Rutland, Vermont

Moore, Philip H. and Patrick D. McMakin 1979. Plants of Guam. University of Guam Cooperative Extension Service, Guam

Moul, Edwin T. 1957. Preliminary report on the flora of Onotoa Atoll, Gilbert Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 57, pp. 1-48

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Sabath, Michael D. 1977. Vegetation and Urbanization on Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. Pacific Science, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp.321-332

Taylor, William Randolph 1950. Plants of Bikini and other Northern Marshall Islands. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Tsuda, R. T, F. Raymond Fosberg and Marie-Helene Sachet 1977. Distribution of Seagrasses in Micronesia. Micronesica, Vol. 13(2), pp. 191-198

Waiker, Jacqueline 1992. The Subtropical Garden. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon

Wagner, Warren L., Derral R. Herbst and S. H. Sohmer 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawaii

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Whistler, Art and Otto Steele, 1999. Botanical Survey of Kwajelein Atoll (USAKA) Islands. Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education and The U.S. Army Environmental Center

Whistler, W. Arthur 1980. Coastal Flowers of the Tropical Pacific. Pacific Tropical Botanical Gardens. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii

___________ 1992. Flowers of the Pacific Island Seashore, isle Botanica, Honolulu, Hawaii. 1995. Wayside Plants of the Islands. Isle Botanica, Honolulu, Hawaii

personal communication: Thaman, Randolph R.

 
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bulletHOME bullet NEWSbullet OVERVIEW OF LOCAL BIODIVERSITY bullet NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION bullet NATIONAL INITIATIVES bullet PUBLICATIONS bullet THREATS TO BIODIVERSITY bullet RMI NATURAL RESOURCES DATABASE:[ Search the database ::: Overview of Atols and Islands ::: Brief Overwiew of Flora ::: Brief Overview of Fauna ::: you are hereNative Vascular Plants of the Marshalls ::: Plants of the Marshall Islands ::: Snails of the Marshall Islands ::: Arachnids and Myriapods of the Marshall Islands ::: Insects of the Marshall Islands ::: Fishes of the Marshall Islands ::: Reptiles and Amphibians of the Marshall Islands ::: Birds of the Marshall Islands ::: Mammals of the Marshall Islands ::: Ecosystems of Marshall Islands ::: Species Deemed Worthy for Conservation ::: Protected Species ::: Endemic Species and Subspecies of the Marshalls and Micronesia ::: Endemic Species of the Marshalls ::: Some Pestiferous and Potentially Pestiferous Species ] bullet MISC. DATASETS AND MAPSbullet PARTNERS AND LINKS bullet CONTACTS bullet FEEDBACK bullet COPYRIGHT bullet ACCESSIBILITY bullet DISCLAIMER bullet PRIVACY bullet
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