Switch to text mode
 
Republic of the Marshall Islands Biodiversity Clearing House Mechanism
RMI Office of Environmental Planning and Policy Coordination (OEPPC)

banner of the RMI biodiversity CHM website
rounded cornerrounded corner RMI flag
RMI State Emblem
pixel element pixel element
rounded corner rounded corner
pixel element
Endemic Species and Subspecies of the Marshalls
Three-banded anemonefish drawing  Nancy Vander Velde
Contents:
  bulletPLANTS
  bulletANIMALS
    bulletCNIDARIANS
    bulletMOLLUSKS
    bulletARTHROPODS
      bulletARACHNIDS
      bulletPYCNOGONIDS
      bulletINSECTS
        bulletOrder Heteroptera (true bugs)
        bulletOrder Homoptera (hoppers, aphids, scales, etc.)
        bulletOrder Coleoptera (beetles)
        bulletOrder Diptera (flies, gnats, midges, etc.)
        bulletOrder Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps)
      bulletCRUSTACEANS
    bulletBRYOZOANS
    bulletBRACHIOPODS
    bulletECHINODERMS
    bulletFISHES
    bulletBIRDS
  bulletREFERENCES

Endemic - "native of, but confined to, a definite geographic area, such as a single island of part of an island".
For the purpose of this listing, endemic refers to the islands and atolls of the Marshall Islands with Wake.
Endemicism is often hard to establish and upon further research, some of the species/subspecies listed below may prove to have a wider range.

PLANTS

Scientific name: Lepturus gasparricensis
Common name: grass
Range limit: Bokak, Wake

Scientific name: Gossypium hirsutum var. "wild form of hirsatum of an unusual type"
Common name: Polynesian cotton
Range limit: Wake - no agreement as to whether truly native or not; if so, possibly only plant endemic to single atoll anywhere

Scientific name: Pandanus tectorius varieties (also forms and clones)
Common name: pandanus
Range limit: Marshalls

ANIMALS

back to top

CNIDARIANS

Scientific name: Distichopora sp.
Common name: lace coral (bicolored, red/white)
Range limit: Marshalls

MOLLUSKS

Scientific name: Assiminea nitida marshallensis
Common name: land snail
Range limit: Marshalls

ARTHROPODS

back to top

ARACHNIDS

Order Pseudoscorpionida

Scientific name: Garypus ornatus
Common name: pseudoscorpion
Range limit: Bikini

Scientific name: Xenolpium oceanicum latum
Common name: pseudoscorpion
Range limit: Lae, Ujae, Utdrik

PYCNOGONIDS

back to top

Scientific name: Ammothella stauromata
Common name: sea spider
Range limit: Enewetak

Scientific name: Anoplodactylus marshallensis
Common name: sea spider
Range limit: Enewetak

Scientific name: Nyphon micronesicum
Common name: sea spider
Range limit: Bikini, Namu -

Scientific name: Pycnopallene spp. (endemic genus)
Common name: sea spider
Range limit: Marshalls (?)

Scientific name: Spasmopallene spp. (endemic genus)
Common name: sea spider
Range limit: Marshalls (?)

back to top

Scientific name: Stylopallene spp. (endemic genus)
Common name: sea spider
Range limit: Marshalls (?)

INSECTS

Order Heteroptera (true bugs)

Scientific name: Riptortus saileri
Common name: leaf-footed bug
Range limit: Kwajelein

Scientific name: Campylomma eniwetak
Common name: plant bug
Range limit: Enewetak

back to top

Order Homoptera (hoppers, aphids, scales, etc.)

Scientific name: Ugyops kinbergi mayas
Common name: leafhopper
Range limit: Ratak, Ralik

Scientific name: Lamenia caliginea charon
Common name: hopper
Range limit: Marshalls

Order Coleoptera (beetles)

Scientific name: Cerasium unicolor marshallum
Common name: longhom beetle
Range limit: Majuro

back to top

Scientific name: Cerasium robustum
Common name: longhom beetle
Range limit: Arno

Scientific name: Prosoplus major
Common name: longhom beetle
Range limit: Ratak

Scientific name: Prosoplus hibisci
Common name: longhom beetle
Range limit: Ratak

Scientific name: Oopsis marshallensis
Common name: longhom beetle
Range limit: Ratak, Ralik

Scientific name: Melanoxanthus lariversi
Common name: click beetle
Range limit: Arno

back to top

Scientific name: Simodactylus marshallensis
Common name: click beetle
Range limit: Kwajelein

Scientific name: Chariotheca costata
Common name: darkling ground beetle
Range limit: Arno, Ailinglaplap

Scientific name: Tagalus angustus
Common name: darkling ground beetle
Range limit: Amo

Order Diptera (flies, gnats, midges, etc.)

Scientific name: Nocticanace marshallensis
Common name: (Micronesian only family)
Range limit: Marshalls

back to top

Scientific name: Forcipomya tuthilli
Common name: no-see-um, sandfly
Range limit: Enewetak

Scientific name: Dasyhelea migristigmata
Common name: no-see-um, sandfly
Range limit: Ailinglaplap

Scientific name: Dasyhelea sp. no. 1
Common name: no-see-um, sandfly
Range limit: Amo

Scientific name: Clunio tuthilli
Common name: water midge
Range limit: Enewetak

Scientific name: Cricotopus sp. no. 1
Common name: water midge
Range limit: Kwajelein

back to top

Scientific name: Scythroporhroa tripinosa
Common name: root gnat
Range limit: Kwajelein

Scientific name: Plastosciara jaluitensis
Common name: root gnat
Range limit: Jaluit

Scientific name: Limonia beardsleyi
Common name: crane fly
Range limit: Namu, Kili, Namdnk

Scientific name: Limonia sentifera
Common name: crane fly
Range limit: Namu, Amo

Order Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps)

back to top

Scientific name: Cirrospiloideus fullawayi
Common name: wasp
Range limit: Ebon

CRUSTACEANS

Order Stomatopoda (mantis shrimps)

Scientific name: Gonodactylus insularis
Common name: mantis shrimp
Range limit: Enewetak

Scientific name: Gonodactylus micronesica
Common name: mantis shrimp
Range limit: Enewetak

back to top

Family Xanthidae (dark-fingered coral crabs)

Scientific name: Etisus sp.
Common name: coral crab
Range limit: Marshalls

BRYOZOANS

Scientific name: Celleporaria new sp. ("eniwetokensis")
Common name: bryozoa
Range limit: Enewetak, other atolls?

Scientific name: Cosciniopsis new sp. ("enewetakensis")
Common name: bryozoa
Range limit: Enewetak, other atolls?

back to top

Scientific name: Figularia new sp. ("cribricapilata")
Common name: bryozoa
Range limit: Enewetak

Scientific name: Porella new sp. ("ikurenensis")
Common name: bryozoa
Range limit: Enewetak, other atolls?

Scientific name: Thornelya new sp. ("aniyaaniensis")
Common name: bryozoa
Range limit: Enewetak, other atolls?

Scientific name: Thornelya new sp. ("marshallensis")
Common name: bryozoa
Range limit: Enewetak, other atolls?

BRACHIOPODS

back to top

Scientific name: Argyrotheca arguta
Common name: lamp shell, brachiopod
Range limit: Enewetak, Bikini (others?)

ECHINODERMS

Scientific name: Eudiocrinus tenuissimus
Common name: crinoid
Range limit: Enewetak, Jaluit

FISHES

Scientific name: Amphiprion tricinctus
Common name: three-banded anemonefish
Range limit: Ratak and Ralik, 2 color variations, in specific types of anemones, exported for aquarium trade

back to top

Scientific name: Callogobius bauchotae
Common name: Bauchot's goby
Range limit: Marshalls

Scientific name: Cirricaecula johnsoni
Common name: fringelip snake eel
Range limit: Rongerik, one specimen only ever collected, from surge-washed sand patch

Scientific name: Cirrhilabrus baleatus
Common name: girdled wrasse
Range limit: Enewetak, Bikini, Kwajelein, Rongelap (others?)

Scientific name: Cirrhilabrus johnsoni
Common name: Johnson's wrasse
Range limit: Kwajelein, Enewetak (others?)

Scientific name: Cirrhilabrus rhomboidalis
Common name: rhomboid wrasse
Range limit: Kwajelein (others?)

back to top

Scientific name: Paracheilinus bellae
Common name: Bell's wrasse
Range limit: Kwajelein (others?)

BIRDS

Scientific name: Gallirallus wakensis
Common name: Wake Rail
Range limit: Wake only, EXTINCT

Scientific name: Ducula oceanica ratakensis
Common name: Ratak Micronesian Pigeon
Range limit: Amo, Mili, EXTIRPATED on WSL Maloelap, Majuro (other atolls?)


back to top

REFERENCES

National Biodiversity Team of the RMI, 2000. The Marshall Islands - Living Atols Amidst the Living Sea/ The National Biodiversity Report of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. © RMI Biodiversity Project. ISBN 982-9045-02-1, St. Hildegard Publishing Company, Santa Clarita, CA, USA.

Baker, Rollin H. 1951. The Avifauna of Micronesia, Its Origin, Evolution, and Distribution. University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas

Child, Allan C. 1982. Pycnogonida of the Western Pacific Islands I. The Marshall Islands. Proceedings of the Biological Society, Washington, Vol. 95 (2), pp. 270-281

Fautin, Daphne G. and Gerald R. Allen 1992. Field Guide to Anemonefishes and their Host Sea Anemones. Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia

back to top

Fosberg, F. R. 1992. The Coral Island Environment and its Relevance to Atoll Agriculture, in Chase, Robert G. Review of Agricultural Development in the Atolls, pp. 45-54 University of the South Pacific, Apia, Western Samoa

Fosberg, F. R. and Marie-Helene Sachet 1969. Wake Island Vegetation and Flora, 1961-1963. Atoll Research Bulletin, No.123.pp.1-15

Fosberg, F. R., Marie-Helene Sachet and Royce Oliver 1979. A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Micronesica, Vol. 15 (1-2), pp. 41-295

__________ 1987. A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae. Micronesica, Vol. 20 (1-2), pp.19-129

Gosliner, Terrence M., David W. Behrens, and Gary C. Williams 1996. Coral Reef Animals of the Indo-Pacific. Sea Challengers, Monterey, California

back to top

Grant, Richard E. 1983. Argyrotheca argguta, a new species of brachiopod from the Marshall Islands, Western Pacific. Proceedings of the Biological Society, Washington. 96 (1), pp.178-180

Kay, E. Alison and Scott Johnson 1987. Mollusca of Enevetak Atoll, pp. 105-146. in Devaney, Dennis M., Ernst S. Reese, Beatrice L. Burch, and Philip Helfrich (eds.).The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll, Vol. II, Biogeography and Systematics. United States Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.

Lieske, Ewald and Robert Myers 1994. Coral Reef Fishes. HaperCollins Publishers, London, England

Myers, Robert F. 1989. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam

Pratt, H. Douglas, Phillip L. Bruner and Delwyn G. Berrett. The Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey .

back to top

Randall, John E. 1988. Five New Wrasses of the genera Cirrhilabrus and Paracheilinus (Perciformes: Labridae) from the Marshall Islands. Micronesica, Vol. 21 (1-2), pp. 199-226

Samuelson, G. Alien and Gordon M. Nishida 1987. Insects and Allies (Arthropoda) of Enewetak Atoll, pp. 147-178. in Devaney, Dennis M., Ernst S. Reese, Beatrice L. Burch and Philip Helfrich (eds.). The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll, Vol. II, Biogeography and Systematics. United States Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.

Zmarzley, D. L. 1984. Distribution and Ecology Shallow-water Crinoids at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, with an Annotated Checklist of Their Symbiots. Pacific Science, Vol. 38, No.2, pp. 105-122

________ 1987. The Shallow-water Crinoid Fauna of Kwajelein Atoll, Marshall Islands: Ecological Observations, Interatoll Comparisons and Zoogeographic Affinities. Pacific Science, Vol. 39, No. 4


back to top



menu itemAdvanced search
menu itemHome
menu itemNews
expandible menu itemOverview of local biodiversity
expandible menu itemNational implementation
expandible menu itemNational Initiatives
expandible menu itemPublications
expandible menu itemThreats to Biodiversity
expanded menu itemRMI natural resources database
menu itemSearch the database
menu itemOverview of Atols and Islands
menu itemBrief Overwiew of Flora
menu itemBrief Overview of Fauna
menu itemNative Vascular Plants of the Marshalls
menu itemPlants of the Marshall Islands
menu itemSnails of the Marshall Islands
menu itemArachnids and Myriapods of the Marshall Islands
menu itemInsects of the Marshall Islands
menu itemFishes of the Marshall Islands
menu itemReptiles and Amphibians of the Marshall Islands
menu itemBirds of the Marshall Islands
menu itemMammals of the Marshall Islands
menu itemEcosystems of Marshall Islands
menu itemSpecies Deemed Worthy for Conservation
menu itemProtected Species
menu itemEndemic Species and Subspecies of the Marshalls and Micronesia
you are hereEndemic Species of the Marshalls
menu itemSome Pestiferous and Potentially Pestiferous Species
expandible menu itemMisc. datasets and maps
expandible menu itemPartners and links
menu itemContacts
menu itemFeedback
menu itemCopyright
menu itemAccessibility
menu itemDisclaimer
menu itemPrivacy

What's new

rss feed RSS

03 Nov 2008
New publications available check it!

Read more show more

28 Oct 2008
List of legislative documents has been updated check it!

Read more show more

29 Jul 2008
New feature - RSS feed check it!

Read more show more

31 Mar 2008
Featuring new section - videostreams check it!

Read more show more


rss feed RSS



pixel element
rounded cornerrounded corner
pixel elementpixel element
bulletHOME bullet NEWSbullet OVERVIEW OF LOCAL BIODIVERSITY bullet NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION bullet NATIONAL INITIATIVES bullet PUBLICATIONS bullet THREATS TO BIODIVERSITY bullet RMI NATURAL RESOURCES DATABASE:[ Search the database ::: Overview of Atols and Islands ::: Brief Overwiew of Flora ::: Brief Overview of Fauna ::: Native Vascular Plants of the Marshalls ::: Plants of the Marshall Islands ::: Snails of the Marshall Islands ::: Arachnids and Myriapods of the Marshall Islands ::: Insects of the Marshall Islands ::: Fishes of the Marshall Islands ::: Reptiles and Amphibians of the Marshall Islands ::: Birds of the Marshall Islands ::: Mammals of the Marshall Islands ::: Ecosystems of Marshall Islands ::: Species Deemed Worthy for Conservation ::: Protected Species ::: Endemic Species and Subspecies of the Marshalls and Micronesia ::: you are hereEndemic Species of the Marshalls ::: Some Pestiferous and Potentially Pestiferous Species ] bullet MISC. DATASETS AND MAPSbullet PARTNERS AND LINKS bullet CONTACTS bullet FEEDBACK bullet COPYRIGHT bullet ACCESSIBILITY bullet DISCLAIMER bullet PRIVACY bullet
pixel element
GEF logo and link
pixel element
©RMI Office of Environmental Planning and Policy Coordination (OEPPC)      Last update: 2 October 2008 
pixel element
Documents.rdf.xml | Multimedia.rdf.xml
pixel element
Design & programming by ekoinf.net